Beijing | January 2016
CNY 8.22 (USD 1.27, EUR 1.17).
This is based on China’s national poverty line of CNY 2,300 per capita annual income at constant prices in 2010, i.e. CNY 3,000 annual income in Dec 2015.
Since its earliest definition of CNY 100 in 1978, China’s poverty line has been adjusted over 20 times, mostly due to inflation adjustments. The poverty line definition of CNY 2,300 at 2010 constant prices was announced at the end of November 2011 and is to be applied to China from 2011 to 2020. This was nearly double of the immediate preceding poverty line of CNY 1,274.
Under this definition, there are over 70 million rural poor as of Dec 2015.
The poverty line definition change signifies certain socio-economic-political alignment, with China’s poverty reduction efforts seen as contributing to economic development, political stability, ethnic unity and social harmony. The current poverty line has also been positioned as bringing China closer to the international definition, as set by the World Bank, of USD 1.25 per day at 2005 prices. While the change in itself was largely seen as a positive step, ensuing media and public discussions also raised concerns about food inflation and uneven regional growth.
Note: Latest available standards and exchange rates were taken as of Jan 2016, when the photography was undertaken. Photographs were taken in Beijing.